Dr. Maria Montessori formulated her approach to education through observation of the child. She believed that every child had a spontaneous urge to learn, and the teachers’ task is to discover the true nature of the child, and then assist him/her to develop his/her full potential and prepare the child in all aspects of life.
The environment is carefully prepared so that each child can take from it what he/she needs to develop, and is able to choose activities, which interest him/her and work at his/her own pace. There is time for each child to complete the tasks they tackle and knowledge that they will not be interrupted by someone who wants their equipment. Help is available if necessary so work can be done peacefully without pressure.
Practical Life Area
The Practical Life exercises are simple, everyday exercises which deal with the care of the environment. These exercises involve everyday movements with real materials and are designed to encourage development of the child’s sense of order. The Practical Life Exercises are subdivided into 4 categories.
Elementary Movement which includes spooning, transferring and pouring exercises. As well as pegging, tweezing exercises, folding and carrying a tray. All these exercises involve deep concentration aiding the development of the child’s concentration. They also help to develop hand eye co-ordinations as well as strengthening of the small muscles of the fingers and the hands which will hold a pencil later.
Care of the Environment which included polishing and cleaning exercises, setting a tray and encouraging an awareness of the environment and a sense of responsibility towards it.
Care of the person which includes exercises which develop a sense of independence in the child. The dressing frames enable the child to master the skills to dress him/herself. Other exercises in this area include blowing the nose and washing hands properly.
Grace and Courtesy – these are not presented to the child, as such, but are introduced as a situation arises, such as saying please and thank you, closing doors quietly, saying excuse me they want to speak. The Grace and Courtesy exercises encourage good manners and social awareness.
Sensorial Materials Area
The sensorial materials enable the child to form concepts – heights, lengths, weights, colours, sounds, smells, shapes and textures. These exercises are all the beginning and aid the child in developing their early literacy and maths knowledge.
Early Literacy – this area of the school environment encourages the development of early literacy skills through the use of phonetic sounds. The children are taught the letter using sandpaper letters and are exposed to materials that are designed to improve the child’s vocabulary, listening skills and differentiating between objects and pictures. The activities include learning the shapes and sound of letters, practising fine motor skills by writing, vocabulary development, matching words and pictures and reading development with word lists and word building.
Early Mathematics – this area composes the use of concrete materials for the recognition of numbers and quantity. Most children know the rhyme 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 – however few understand the meaning of these words. In the Montessori Environment, children will learn to recognize the number 1-10 using the sandpaper numerals. He/she will learn the quantities and soon be able to combine the quantities and the symbols. By giving the child objects to hold, count and manipulate, he/she builds up his/her concept of numbers and is able to learn the fundamentals of simple addition, subtraction, fractions, etc. The activities are divided into categories that include counting and the decimal system, memory work, and geometry.
Cultural Area – This area consists of the following categories which include History, Geography, Science and Art and Music. In History the child learns to understand the passage of time through the structure of the daily routine, talking about seasons, the day in the life of the child at school with the routine and activities that take place as well as birthdays and special occasions. In Geography it is very simple as they learn about their immediate environment, where they live, the earth and its surrounding, the continents and countries of the world, races and cultures etc. In the Science area they learn life cycles, part of plants, what they look like, where they live and how to take care of them which encourages them to appreciate nature and its surrounding. They learn about animals around the world, where they live , what they eat, etc. This area helps the child understand that all life is inter-related. Art and music appreciation is encouraged and the children get to experience different painting and drawing techniques and get to explore with a variety of different instruments and the opportunity to listen to different music expression.
The early literacy, mathematics and cultural materials will be combined with all the other materials and equipment that have always been available in my environment, giving the child a good balance in all areas. Ground rules, Grace and Courtesy lessons will be included, giving the child a good basis to learn from, promoting self- discipline and good manners. Our motto is “love and respect for all.
The growth of Ready, Steady, Go depends on the valued input from Debbie, her staff and you as parents, therefore it is imperative that the parents discuss anything concerning their child, or the play school with Debbie to ensure a happy medium.
The Montessori way and the Traditional Way are combined here at RSG to ensure each child is given the chance to grow holistically in all areas of development.
PLEASE EMAIL ME DEBBIE BOLD DIRECTLY AT firstname.lastname@example.org FOR ANY FURTHER INFORMATION AND IF YOU WOULD LIKE ME TO FORWARD AN UPDATED PROSPECTUS TO YOU - MANY THANKS AND WE LOOK FORWARD TO HEARING FROM YOU SOON
ALTERNATELY PLEASE CALL DEBBIE ON 0828338802 OR JANE ON 0732003362 - thank you!